When Time Dilation is Thought to Occur
There is no time dilation in any physical scenario. The only situations in which time dilation occurs is 1) when a movie producer or novelist is creating a work of fiction, 2) when physicists make incorrect postulates about what they think physical reality should be, and 3) when physicists quantify an observation in Riemann coordinates but then explain the result in Minkowski and Euclidean coordinates.
In physical reality, physical matter is observed to exist only in the present moment, and in no other time frame.
The difference in the appearances of time dilation is due to the choices the producer or physicist makes in analyzing a temporal event.
Artistic Productions of Time Dilation
In the case with artistic productions of time dilation plots, the producer can make whatever choices the producer wants. Ideally, the producer will make choices that the audience will be willing to indulge in.
Special Relativity Time Dilation
In the case of Special Relativity theory, time dilation is the result of denying the physical existence of space. Space has volume, and physical matter spins only in the forward time direction of space. Both the volume, and the forward time spin direction, are properties of space.
Special Relativity bases on a postulate that states that the volume of space is merely a mathematical metric, and that the duration of forward-time-matter is relative to an observer. A second postulate then extends the first postulate to say that distance per time (velocity) is relative to each observer. With these postulates the physicists may convince themselves that physical matter can be not only relatively contracted in space, but physical matter can also be relatively contracted in time. The problem is that the postulates are not physical observations, but are fictional beliefs.
The only difference between the artist and the Special Relativity physicist is that the artist admits they are creating an illusion, whereas the physicist believes in the illusion that was created.
General Relativity Time Dilation
In the case of General Relativity theory, space is quantified through the Riemann curvature mathematics as a space density gradient. Thus, in the case of General Relativity theory, space is considered to be an absolute physical (although non-material) structure which can be fully quantified and fully tested. Two accurate clocks, one remaining stationary, and the other clock increasing and decreasing in altitude before returning to the location of the stationary clock, will reveal slightly different times.
The Riemann mathematics that were used to quantify the space density gradient shows that space becomes more dense as the altitude increases. This means that physical objects moving through higher altitudes (such as a moving clock) must travel through more space per distance than physical objects (such as a stationary clock) at lower altitudes.
A physicist who believes in the illusion of time dilation will look at the measurement calculated in Riemann space through the imaginary and preferred reference frame of Minkowski space. By switching the coordinate systems, the physicist will interpret the travel through denser space as though traveling through time; this is nothing more than the performance of a stage magic trick. The physical object does not physically travel through time and neither does it age faster or slower than any other object. The physicist is so devoted to the belief in time dilation that the physicist chooses to interpret a result determined in Riemann coordinates in terms of the imaginary Minkowski coordinates just out of personal choice.
Time Dilation is a Fallacy
In each scenario, the perception of time dilation is either a fallacy created intentionally as entertainment, or created as a twisted form of religious belief.
The fact that space is absolute is easily observed by standing inside a rotating cylinder in a zero gravity environment. The rotation rate of the cylinder relative to absolute space produces a very precise amount of acceleration for the observer inside the rotating cylinder. If space were not absolute, an observer inside the rotating cylinder would have no way of knowing whether the cylinder was rotating, or not. Click here for the quantification of absolute space.
In addition, subatomic particles have a measured and calculated property of half-spin. The half-spin nature of subatomic particles is not angular momentum or rotation, but it a temporal half-spin. What this means is that the space occupied by subatomic particles is oscillating between forward time and backward time, and yet the subatomic particle only spins in the forward time direction. In other words, subatomic particle half-spin is behaving like a time diode. Space itself has a temporal property that alternates between forward time and backward time, and the net result is the present moment in which subatomic particles appear to be changing only in the forward time direction.
The half-spin nature of the subatomic particle is therefore a tick of a cosmic clock, which establishes an absolute rate of time for subatomic particles (all physical matter), and which also manifests as an absolute speed of photons throughout the physical Universe. Time is therefore absolute, as is evidenced by the constant speed of photons.
Thus the postulates of Special Relativity theory are falsified, and the physicists choice to see time dilation is revealed as a fallacy.