Relativity theories are overrated and are explained with faulty reasoning. Time dilation theories are nothing but smoke and mirrors.
Special Relativity Theory
Special Relativity theory was Albert Einstein’s reinterpretation of Hendrik Lorentz’s application of the Voigt transformations, which were applied to the actual Aether drift measured by Albert Michelson and Edward Morley. What became known as the Lorentz transformations successfully quantified and explained the observed Aether drift.
Being young and cocky, Einstein claimed he could explain the Lorentz transformation in terms of time dilation if we chose to ignore the Aether. All Einstein did was create two imaginary postulates, which changed the already functional Lorentz transformations from an interpretation of a fluid Aether drift into a rendition of time dilation.
Special Relativity Math Accurate for the Wrong Reason
We have heard the claim of the success of Special Relativity theory for 100 years because the mathematics worked out. Those mathematics worked well to describe the observed Aether drift, so by hijacking those equations, Albert Einstein proved nothing. All Einstein did was change the interpretation of the already successful equations.
Absolute Space (Aether)
It is continually repeated in mainstream literature that Maxwell’s equations could not work in an Aether because the speed of light cannot be additive. Although the speed of light cannot be additive, it is not true that one must eliminate absolute space and time to meet the condition that light cannot be additive.
It is precisely because there is absolute space and, therefore, absolute time that the photon speed cannot be additive. When light propagates, the light does not propagate as independent bullets flying in non-space; light propagates as waves of angular momentum in an absolute Aether.
An absolute Aether is what gives photons their speed. If photons were physical particles with momentum, the material particles would need to accelerate and decelerate; however, the observation is that photons either travel at c or photons do not exist. This means space is providing the velocity of the photon, and therefore the photon can never travel at any other speed than c in the local space.
Einstein’s Postulates Falsified
Albert Einstein’s postulate that there is no absolute space is easily falsified by observing a rotating cylinder in space. An object (such as an astronaut) inside a rotating cylinder will experience a centripetal force dependent upon the rotation velocity of the cylinder concerning absolute space. The cylinder cannot rotate relative to anything else to cause the centripetal force. Even Albert Einstein recognized this failing of his Special Relativity theory and admitted there has to be some variety of Aether for rotation to occur in space (see Albert Einstein’s comments below).
General Relativity Theory
General Relativity Theory is Valid for the Wrong Reason
General Relativity is good science, but it has nothing to do with either gravity or time dilation. The General Relativity theory is calculated using Riemann curvature mathematics. Riemann curvature mathematics describes a space density gradient through which the path of a physical trajectory passes.
Physical objects move through physical space, and where the space is less dense, physical objects advance further along in the same duration as objects passing through more space density do. This led Albert Einstein to admit that General Relativity theory explained some version of Aether where space acted on matter, and matter acted on space (see Albert Einstein’s words below).
Time Dilation is not Part of the General Relativity Theory.
The “time dilation” interpretation of General Relativity theory only becomes apparent after the General Relativity path trajectory calculation has been made in Riemann coordinates. Then that result is viewed instead in terms of Minkowski coordinates. Looking at a trajectory correction result in a different coordinate system than it was calculated in is like trying to interchange the hood of a Ford with a Chevy just because both cars use hoods to cover their engines; things made to different specifications are not interchangeable.
If the path trajectory of an object could be calculated in Minkowski coordinates, then Albert Einstein would have done so, and it would have made the time dilation interpretation into a physical law. But there is no such physical thing as a physical timeline such that physical matter could dilate from one time frame into a different time frame. The time dilation interpretation of Special and General Relativity theory is all smoke and mirrors; it is an elaborate stage magic trick that has fooled even the most educated academics.
The Correct Interpretation of the Clock Experiments
When two accurate clocks, which do not lose time for any reason, are used in clock experiments, one clock must travel through a denser space than the other. Denser space means there is more space per length to travel through, and therefore more ticks of the clock are required. Both clocks remain in the same time frame, but one has more ticks.
This is not time dilation; it results from traveling through a space density gradient in a rotating environment (Earth rotation). The time dilation claim is based on the assumption of isotropic space, where there is no space density gradient (Aether). Yet, the General Relativity calculation is based on curved space due to a space density gradient (Aether). The distribution of space is different at varying altitudes above a massive object.
General Relativity Theory is not About Gravity.
The General Relativity claim of being a gravitational theory is equally deceiving. Gravity theories require a calculation based on the whole mass of the massive objects being observed. General Relativity theory is based on only half the mass of observed massive objects; thus, General Relativity theory is not a gravitational theory.
Neutrons cause the Space Density Gradient.
Neutrons make up half the mass of ordinary matter. The General Relativity effect is likely due to the formation of neutrons, which are bound electrons and protons, and in which the space of the electron is folded over on top of the space of the proton. This would pinch the fabric of absolute space, causing the space density gradient, which is calculated and observed based on the Riemann curvature mathematics.
There is no Physical Timeline.
Special Relativity theory and the General Relativity theory were promoted as time dilation theories. There is no time dilation, as all physical matter exists only in the present moment. There is no physical matter in the past or future where physical matter from the present moment can dilate.
If there were physical matter in any other time frame than the present moment, then there would have to be physical matter in all different time frames than the present moment. Each time frame would necessarily have to be a static physical Universe where all the clocks read the same universal time for that time frame. It would then require that consciousness be swept through all these single-use, static physical Universes in the correct sequence so that motion would appear before each consciousness. Each consciousness would have to travel in the same time frame and at the same time as all other consciousnesses.
Considering all the requirements for time dilation, which have no supporting evidence, the rational conclusion is that time dilation is physically impossible.
Relativity Theories are not What They are Promoted to Be
Physicists today elaborate on the success of the Relativity theories, yet Special Relativity’s time dilation theory is all smoke and mirrors. Furthermore, General Relativity theory proves the Aether is absolute and thus falsifies the postulates of Special Relativity theory.
Einstein’s Words about the Aether
Here are Albert Einstein’s words to help put things into perspective:
…there is a weighty argument to be adduced in favour of the ether hypothesis. To deny the ether is ultimately to assume that empty space has no physical qualities whatever. The fundamental facts of mechanics do not harmonize with this view. For the mechanical behavior of a corporeal system hovering freely in empty space depends not only on relative positions (distances) and relative velocities, but also on its state of rotation, which physically may be taken as a characteristic not appertaining to the system itself. In order to be able to look upon the rotation of the system, at least formally, as something real, Newton objectivises space. Since he classes his absolute space together with real things, for him rotation relative to absolute space is also something real.
…inertial resistance opposed to relative acceleration of distant masses presupposes action at a distance; and as the modern physicist does not believe that he may accept this action at a distance, he comes back once more, if he follows Mach, to the ether, which has to serve as a medium for the effects of inertia. But this conception of the ether to which we are led by Mach’s way of thinking differs essentially from the ether as conceived by Newton, by Fresnel, and by Lorentz. Mach’s ether not only conditions the behaviour of inert masses, but is also conditioned in its state by them.
Mach’s idea finds its full development in the ether of the general theory of relativity. According to this theory the metrical qualities of the continuum of space-time differ in the environment of different points of space-time, and are partly conditioned by the matter existing outside of the territory under consideration. — Albert Einstein, Sidelights of Relativity (Courier Dover Publications, 1983) 16-18
Further discussion about the Relativity theories and the Aether are at the Quora space, Aether Physics Model.