The Schwarzschild radius is the radius of the event horizon surrounding a non-rotating black hole. Any object with a physical radius smaller than its Schwarzschild radius will be a black hole. This quantity was first derived by Karl Schwarzschild in 1916:
The Schwarzschild radius represents an important aspect of the Aether; an aspect of physics so far missed by modern physicists. The Aether has limits due to its finite structure. When these limits are reached, the Aether unravels. As the Aether unravels it takes with it any physical matter it contains.
Just as the permeability constant and the permittivity constant have a relationship to , so also does the gravitational constant and the length density constant have a relationship with .
where these constants are defined on the constants and units page.
The length density constant of the Aether () is equal to the maximum mass of the Aether divided by the quantum length (Compton wavelength).
The Edge of the Physical Universe
The length density constant establishes the maximum amount of mass allowed for a given length. When this length density is reached, the Aether has reached its limit and no further existence of mass per length is allowed. Essentially, when the length density limit is reached, then that location is the edge of the physical Universe.
Black Holes are a Physical Edge to the Physical Universe
The length density limit is reached at the centers of galaxies, and produces what astrophysicists observe as black holes. Current views assume that black holes are an accretion of physical matter; while it is true that physical matter enters black holes, it is not true that the physical matter continues to exist beyond the “event horizon.” When space and physical matter are drawn to the center of the galaxy, the space simply unravels and disappears.
Schwarzschild was Destined to Lead Physics back to an Aether Theory
General Relativity theory is an Aether theory. The deflection angle of inertial objects such as photons and physical matter passing near a massive object was quantified elegantly, and in terms of the Aether length density constant, by Karl Schwarzschild. Had Karl Schwarzschild not met an untimely death a year after simplifying Albert Einstein’s elaborate mathematical treatment of Riemann curvature mathematics, Schwarzschild would have easily taken center stage of modern physics; had Schwarzschild lived a longer life, physics theories would likely be much simpler today.
The Deflection Angle Equation
Schwarzschild simplified the deflection angle equation due to a space density gradient of General Relativity theory as:
where is the Schwarzschild radius, and is the radius of the Sun. The angle is given in radians, and the solution is exact. (Reference)
The Precession Angle Equation
Similarly, the precession angle of objects in orbit through a space density gradient around massive objects is given in terms of the Schwarzschild radius as:
where r is the mean orbital radius of the object in orbit. Again, the angle is given in radians and the solution is exact. (Reference)
The Simplicity of the Schwarzschild Radius
Since the Schwarzschild radius is derived from a limit established by the Aether, there is no need for the mental gymnastics of calculus to understand the physical meaning of General Relativity theory. In fact, the mental gymnastics of calculus has not produced a physical interpretation of relativity theory simply because Albert Einstein was doing his best to avoid any mention of the Aether in his physics; as a result, physicists today go out of their way to avoid mentioning the Aether except in a derogatory manner.
Explaining the predictions of General Relativity theory in terms of the Aether is very simple and elegant due to the work of Karl Schwarzschild and his famous “radius.”